Cluj-Napoca is the unofficial capital of Transylvania and an important hub of urban life, whose beginnings reach back to the Roman period, with development continuing throughout the Middle Ages and the modern era and ongoing during our times. Roman Napoca (municipium Aelium Hadrianum, and later colonia Aurelia) was the capital of the province of Dacia Porolissensis. The name “Cluj” comes from Castrum Clus, first used in the 12th century as the name of the citadel surrounding the city. Clus means “closed” in Latin and refers to the hills that surround the city.Its mediaeval successor, Cluj (Kolozsvár in Hungarian / Klausenburg in German) received the municipal status of a royal free city in the 14th century, later becoming the political and economic center of the Principality of Transylvania during the 16th and 17th centuries. Currently, Cluj-Napoca is Transylvania’s most important city, and its historical and archaeological heritage, as well as its rich array of cultural and artistic events, attract masses of tourists each year.
The main square, resplendent with 18th and 19th century buildings and home to many shops and restaurants, is dominated by the 15th century St. Michael’s Church, one of the finest examples of gothic architecture in Romania. The square also claims the 18th century baroque Banffy Palace, housing the weaponry and Romanian art collections of the Art Museum. Visitors who want to learn more about the region should pay a visit to the open-air section of the Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania, a true display of folk architecture. For entertainment, spend an enjoyable evening at the Opera or attend a classical music concert offered by the Philarmony Transylvania.
Also, the city have a beautiful Botanical Garden, which covers 14 hectares, where around 10,000 specific categories are cultivated. The Central Park is a large public, urban park in central Cluj-Napoca. It was founded in the 19th century and it located on the souther shore of Someşul Mic River. The Park is now home to the University of Arts and Design and to the Chemistry Faculty of the Babeş-Bolyai University.